Homework and study tips for students
Plan the learning time long-term!
To prevent the formation of a learning mountain, the learning material must be distributed evenly over time. To do this, you use a time planner (appointment calendar, pinboard, study poster) on which all known exams and all leisure time obligations are coordinated. This way you can divide your study and free time optimally.
- Divide your homework into portion-appropriate bites!
Correctly keeping a homework booklet is of the utmost importance. Take your homework book and think about how to divide the assignments into portions. This way you can avoid learning too much or getting bogged down. Separate CAN-ZIELE (what can still be done? E.g. repetitions, homework for a subject that will only be taught in a few days, preparation for school assignments) from MUST-ZIELEN (everything that has to be done for the next day) and my premium essay.
- Choose the optimal working time!
There is no generally valid optimal time; however, the rule of thumb is: wait an hour after eating. Everyone has to work out their best working hours themselves. However, it is important to get used to a fixed learning period. The time before school starts in the morning is generally unsuitable.
- Note the warm-up time!
To start with, choose an easy study material or a simple task in which, for example, you B. should just copy or draw something.
- The order needs to be considered!
Divide your time into four blocks: In the warm-up time, you do the easy tasks, in the middle phase the more difficult ones, then again the slightly easier ones, and at the end again the more difficult ones.
- Note the SM formula!
Do not separate the written and oral tasks into two large parts! The biggest mistake is when you do the oral at the end, in the evening, or even in the morning. This type of learning hinders the brain's ability to absorb and thus inhibits learning progress.
- Create a stable, pleasant workplace for yourself!
Everyone needs a permanent place to work so that they are not disturbed while studying. Design it in such a way that your body, your thoughts, and your feelings are adjusted to learning. This includes the correct room temperature, the correct incidence of light (for right-handers from the front left), order, no music, or other acoustic sources of interference. You just put the notebooks and books that you need on the desk.
- Switching off properly has to be learned!
Pleasant and unpleasant experiences of the day cannot simply be switched off with the push of a button; they hang around in the head and hinder learning. Try a little concentration training! It's especially good when you can talk about what's bothering you over lunch and resume writing world.
- Breaks are a must!
When properly installed, breaks lead to an increase in performance. Spread the bread evenly, doing several short ones rather than one long one. However, breaks must not be too long and become ends in themselves.
- Learn taking into account your learner type!
Use different learning paths and find out a type in the process.
- Learn about SEE: draw sketches, use colors, create posters, visualize the subject matter
- Learn through LISTENING: use sound carriers, speak and repeat
- Learn through READING: Concentrated and meaningful reading
Learning only from external pressure or an upcoming school assignment is not very enjoyable. Train self-control. This training consists of three steps:
- SELF-OBSERVATION: Preparation of a learning diary over some time. Write down what you learned and in what time frame.
- SELF-ASSESSMENT: What did you get out of it now? Do you agree +), neither satisfied nor unsatisfied (?) Or overall unsatisfied (-)
- SELF-REWARD: Do something good for yourself when you have achieved your learning goals (self-praise, satisfaction, free time, talking on the phone, visiting friends, reading, watching TV, etc.)
Never just learn details, but recognize the context in which the subject matter is. Summarize it, make sketches, write yourself an ingenious cheat sheet (which you will not need!).
* Read vocabulary aloud two to three times;
* consciously imagine the word;
* cover one page, then check by writing and speaking aloud whether the words are already right;
* alternately cover and query both columns;
* query confused;
* learn in blocks (always 8 to 10 words);
* Always include difficult vocabulary in small sentences;
* repeat in good time;
* Create flashcards for difficult vocabulary.
Do you know that? You can almost memorize the subject matter, you will be asked and you cannot answer the questions. That's because just fact-learning isn't enough. Think about it: how could you ask? (Context, own opinion; why?)
Use the 5-step method:
- 1st step: skim over the text
- Step 2: Questions to the text
- 3rd step: Read the text specifically for the questions
- 4th step: Answer, summarize and structure text in response to questions
- 5th step: repeat
The best way to prevent stubborn mistakes is to keep a very personal error file.
* Due to lack of concentration or a lack of interest, the learning material cannot dock onto existing knowledge.
* Non-stop learning hinders memorization.
* Information gets mixed up if the material to be learned is quite similar to one another (inhibition of similarity) and essay.
* The simultaneity of two activities (learning and listening to the radio) prevents the safe absorption of the learning material (simultaneity inhibition).
* Material drilled in shortly before an exam causes a blockage when calling up the learning content (memory inhibition).